A series of sheet piles driven into the ground side by side, form a continuous vertical wall which is referred to as a sheet pile wall. A sheet pile wall acts as a retaining wall but unlike the RCC or masonry rigid retaining walls, it is light in weight and flexible.
The sheet piles used are of timber, reinforced concrete or steel depending on the provision made for achieving stability. Sheet pile walls are of three types:
1) Cantilever sheet piling
2) Anchored sheet piling
3) Braced sheeting
Sheet pile walls are used in
- Light weight construction when the bearing stratum is poor for supporting the heavier RCC or masonry retaining wall.
- For temporarily retaining earthfills in some construction activities and
- Water front structures.
(This article comes from NPTEL editor released)